Wednesday, March 24, 2021

SAT, ACT, GRE Vocabulary - Worksheet #30

 

New Words for Today:
Usurp, Sordid, Virulent, Ascendancy

 

Usurp (Verb)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Verb

1: seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession; "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after her husband died" 2: take the place of; "gloom had usurped mirth at the party after the news of the terrorist act broke"

assume, seize, arrogate

 

Sordid (Adjective)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

1: morally degraded; "a seedy district"; "the seamy side of life"; "sleazy characters hanging around casinos"; "sleazy storefronts with...dirt on the walls"- Seattle Weekly; "the sordid details of his orgies stank under his very nostrils"- James Joyce; "the squalid atmosphere of intrigue and betrayal" 2: unethical or dishonest; "dirty police officers"; "a sordid political campaign" 3: foul and run-down and repulsive; "a flyblown bar on the edge of town"; "a squalid overcrowded apartment in the poorest part of town"; "squalid living conditions"; "sordid shantytowns"

seamy, seedy, sleazy, squalid, dirty, flyblown

 

Virulent (Adjective)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Adjective

1: extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom; "venomous snakes"; "a virulent insect bite" 2: infectious; having the ability to cause disease 3: harsh or corrosive in tone; "an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"; "a barrage of acid comments"; "her acrid remarks make her many enemies"; "bitter words"; "blistering criticism"; "caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"; "a sulfurous denunciation"; "a vitriolic critique"

deadly, venomous, acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter

 

Ascendancy (Noun)

Type

Meaning

Synonyms

Antonyms

Noun

1: the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; "her apparent ascendancy over her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"

dominance, ascendance, control

 

Today's Vocabulary Challenges

*** Answers will be in the next worksheet of this level ***

 

Match Synonyms

Match Antonyms

1 equine A equid 1: 1 colloquial A hyperopia 1:
2 gratuitous B honor 2: 2 irrevocable B formal 2:
3 ascendancy C costless 3: 3 myopia C concentric 3:
4 guile D dominance 4: 4 extrovert D introvert 4:
5 accolade E craft 5: 5 eccentric E revocable 5:

 

Match Definitions

1 humorously sarcastic or mocking A usurp 1:
2 excessively or hypocritically pious B sanctimonious 2:
3 take the place of C culinary 3:
4 cause to concentrate about two conflicting or contrasting positions D ironic 4:
5 of or relating to or used in cooking E polarize 5:

 

Crossword Challenge
1 Across:
2: take the place of(5)
6: of or relating to fish(7)
7: be false to; be dishonest with(6)
8: beat soundly(7)

Down:
1: an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose(6)
3: morally degraded(6)
4: beyond or deviating from the usual or expected(8)
5: hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists(7)
2 3
4
5
6
7
8

 

Engligh Language Trivia

there's no accounting for taste
This expression is used to indicate surprise at another person's likes or dislikes. "She fell in love with a guy who's short, fat, bald and poor ... there's no accounting for taste!"

Did you know? - Gazump means "To buy something already promised to someone else."

 

Recent Words Learned: ascendancy, virulent, sordid, usurp, indigenous, deride, singular, ideology, extrovert, sanctimonious, polarize, heterogeneous, belabor, piscine, amorphous, willful, culinary, contiguous, kinetic, assuage
Answer to Crossword in worksheet 29: Across: 1: chasm, 3: delude, 5: ideology, 7: bereaved Down: 1: culinary, 2: cryptic, 3: daunt, 4: polarize, 6: guile

 

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